In the following sections, research detailing the impact organized sport exerts on the physical and psychological health of youth is reviewed. Remaining physically active can enhance functional capacity among older people, and can help to maintain quality of life and independence.
Nutrition and Weight Control Consuming a healthy and balanced diet is of great importance for young people [ 75 ], especially young athletes [ 76 ].
It appears that an emphasis on fun while establishing a balance between physical fitness, psychologic well-being, and lifelong lessons for a healthy and active lifestyle are paramount for success. It should be noted that correlates related to youth sport attrition tend to be social in nature.
Further, there is a large body of research surrounding positive youth development which has consistently shown that, if structured appropriately, organized sport can promote optimal development in youth [,]. It has been estimated that over two million children and adolescents are injured each year due to sport involvement [ 4043 ].
To date, a comprehensive review of the negative physical and psychological effects of organized sport on youth has not been done and little thus far has documented the effect organized sport has on other players within a family, particularly on parents and siblings. Studies also show that exercise has a positive influence on depression.
Specifically, the findings suggested that sport participation was associated with increased overall alcohol use during high school, but that the relationship appeared stronger for youth living in higher vs.
Conversely, this paper failed to explore many of the psychological effects of sport participation, such as substance abuse and burnout. Return-to-play guidelines are a set of recommendations detailing the steps an individual must follow before returning to their sport after sustaining a mild traumatic brain injury.
This review is a novel undertaking as the vast majority of the literature has looked at the positive effects of sport on youth athletes [ 1619 ] and very little has been written on the effects of organized sport on other family members.
Injured athletes also scored significantly higher in terms of sports specialization than uninjured athletes, even after adjusting for hours per week in total sports activity and age [ 18 ].
Physical activity also relieves anxiety. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4. SDT is central to understanding the motivational climate found in a given sporting environment [ ]. It is important to note that this relationship differs by type of drug and type of sport [ ].
If the problem continues, you may decide to withdraw your child. With regards to the negative impact of organized sport on youth, Jayanthi et al. Consequently, gaining a better understanding of why burnout occurs and what can be done to prevent it has been viewed as an important issue in the sport psychology literature .
The following sections provide a review of studies on the negative physical and psychological effects of organized sport practice on youth.
If you find that the coach is not responsive, discuss the problem with the parents responsible for the school or league activities. It is quite likely that the motivational climate created by coaches and parents moderates the effect that sports has on various outcomes such as athlete well-being.
Kids 5 to 14 had the highest injury rates of all -— More research is needed in order to test whether or not these programs really do help to prevent concussions from occurring in youth sport [ 6970 ]. However, it was concluded that children involved in these sports were more physically active, consumed a healthier diet and had lower BMIs than youth who were not athletes, despite consuming more calories.
When bad sportsmanship occurs, discuss other ways the situation could be handled. Indeed, according to Gould [ ] characteristics related to burnout include extremely high training volumes and time requirements, demanding performance expectations self- or other-imposedand continual competition.
Some Missing Links Some researchers have turned to Self-Determination Theory SDT  as a means of explaining both the positive and negative sides of the sporting experience [ 1933].Sport is an attractive activity for young people, and is often used as a draw card to recruit children and young people to health and education programmes.
Sport and development projects that focus on educational outcomes use sport as a means to deliver educational messages to participants, and spectators in some cases. Oct 01, · This review is a novel undertaking as the vast majority of the literature has looked at the positive effects of sport on youth athletes [16,19] and very little has been written on the effects of organized sport on other family members.
In recent years, many studies have been conducted regarding the positive effects of extracurricular activities on the behaviors, actions, and overall well-being of children and adolescents. Increasing sports-related injuries, with million emergency room visits a year for those aged 5–24 years, a 70%–80% attrition rate by the time a child is 15 years of age, and programs overemphasizing winning are problems encountered in youth sport.
Of course, many parents are a positive force, supporting their children and making sports participation possible by taking the time to drive kids to and from practice and games. Sport and physical activity can make a substantial contribution to the well-being of people in developing countries.
Exercise, physical activity and sport have long been used in the treatment and rehabilitation of communicable and non-communicable diseases.Download