The first limitation of this study included the fact that only one task was used in the analyses to measure spatial ability i. Data Analysis The mediating effect of constructive play on word problem-solving performance via spatial ability was tested using bootstrap methods Shrout and Bolger, ; Hayes, Moreover, certain events, for example a move arranged by others is in general not considered as potentially traumatic.
Results showed that Investigating the Mediating Role of Spatial Ability Mediation was tested by regressing the dependent variable i. Internalizing and externalizing behaviors in preschoolers: Regarding the traumatic event itself other assessment problems arise.
Generally, three categories of spatial ability are distinguished in the literature, namely spatial perception, spatial visualization, and mental rotation Linn and Petersen, ; Hegarty and Waller, For example, Thesis orthopedagogiek shows that the more children play with Legos, the more they improve in their spatial skills Brosnan, ; Wolfgang et al.
According to the scientific literature, constructive play activities like Legos, blocks, and jigsaw puzzles exert the most influence on spatial ability Mitchell, ; Pomerleau et al.
Caregivers often don't possess informa- tion concerning the person's trauma history or do not even recognize events typically associated with PTSD Ryan, ; Esralew, Although a positive relation between constructive play and spatial ability is reported by several authors e.
According to the scientific literature, constructive play activities like Legos, blocks, and jigsaw puzzles exert the most influence on spatial ability Mitchell, ; Pomerleau et al. The second treatment approach focuses on changes in environment and personal contacts with a view to eliminate frightening cues Ryan, For example, as in children, behavioral equivalents are Thesis orthopedagogiek to be Thesis orthopedagogiek common symptom of PTSD in individuals with ID.
Spatial ability involves the ability to represent, modify, generate, and recall symbolic, non-linguistic information Linn and Petersen, ; Tracy, ; Hegarty and Waller, The training of spatial skills and the development of visual-schematic representations should, therefore, have a prominent role in word problem-solving instruction of primary school mathematics education.
Recent research of Levine et al. Preference based on the fact that other methods for testing indirect effects assume a standard normal distribution when calculating the p-value for the indirect effect, whereas bootstrapping does not assume normality of the sampling distribution.
Although not supported by the results of the present study, several authors have demonstrated that boys and girls differ in the extent in which they engage in constructive play Serbin and Connor, ; Tracy, ; Scholten, So, children with good spatial skills are better able to make visual-schematic representations than children with poor spatial skills e.
Results Descriptive Statistics Table 1 presents the correlations between, and the means and standard deviations of, the four measures of this study. Rather than hypothesizing a direct causal relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable, a mediational model hypothesizes that the independent variable causes the mediator variable, which in turn causes the dependent variable for more information, see Shrout and Bolger, ; Preacher and Hayes, ; Hayes, This mediating role of spatial ability was tested by utilizing the current mediation approaches suggested by Preacher and Hayes However, the results showed that there is a partial, but not complete mediation, because the measured effect between constructive play and word problem-solving performance is not zero upon fixing the mediator variable i.
This process is repeated thousands of times, producing bias-corrected accelerated confidence intervals for the indirect effect Preacher and Hayes, So, children with good spatial skills are better able to make visual-schematic representations than children with poor spatial skills e.
Spatial visualization is commonly associated with tasks that involve complicated, multistep manipulations of spatially presented information. For example, the studies of Wolfgang et al.
Results showed that The production of visual-schematic representations is found to be positively related to the performance on mathematical word problems Van Garderen and Montague, ; Van Garderen, ; Krawec, No significant correlation is found among sex and the three key measures of this study.
Spatial visualization is commonly associated with tasks that involve complicated, multistep manipulations of spatially presented information. PTSD proves to be associated with not only the presence of other Thesis orthopedagogiek disorders, especially major depressive disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, but also with high rates of medical visits Brady, In line with previous research e.
From the biological point of view pharmacological interventions are described targeting the deregulation that occurs in various neurotransmitter systems Ryan, ; McCarthy, ; Focht-New et al. Future experimental studies in which the variables will be manipulated should make it possible to draw stronger conclusions concerning causal relationships between the aspects which are important in mathematical word problem solving.
In addition, students conduct a research internship in the first year, and a thesis in the second year. Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Maryland, College Park, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts, An interesting focus of future research is to investigate the existence of individual differences in the specific relations between the three key variables of this study i.
The results of the pilot study showed that every child was able to solve each of the 14 items of the MPI within the required 3 min.THESIS. £ Add to cart. Add to wishlist. % Money Back Guarantee Download is directly available Better prepared for your exams. 0 (0) Document information. Connected school, course & module.
More courses of Orthopedagogiek - Universiteit van Amsterdam. Reverend Doebler went on to say that "What a Life Can Be: is a study of the life of a woman with a major psychiatric disease; technically labeled Schizo-Affective Disorder. It is much more, it is a book about each of us, with whatever label we might have.
Orthodontics Theses and Dissertations. Follow. Theses/Dissertations from PDF. Alsibaie, Lina (), Non surgical treatment strategies and outcomes in patients with class II division I malocclusion and severe overjet.
PDF. Master thesis Orthopedagogiek. Pedagogische en Onderwijskundige Wetenschappen. Universiteit van Amsterdam. Bisson et al., P.
SturmeyOn some recent claims for the efficacy of cognitive therapy for people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in. Master thesis. Orthopedagogiek.
Pedagogische en Onderwijskundige Wetenschappen.
Universi- Background Anxiety disorders have high prevalence in people with intellectual disabilities. In. Thesis orthopedagogiek. Studenten in track 2 kiezen daarnaast ook nog een kiest uit een van onderstaande cursussen die de master orthopedagogiek aanbiedt in samenwerking met andere masterprogramma’s van de faculteit sociale wetenschappen, of uit het bredere palet van keuzecursussen binnen of buiten de faculteit:(i.Download